"""
An example showing the norm and phase of an atomic orbital: isosurfaces of
the norm, with colors displaying the phase.
This example shows how you can apply a filter on one data set, and dislay
a second data set on the output of the filter. Here we use the contour
filter to extract isosurfaces of the norm of a complex field, and we
display the phase of the field with the colormap.
The field we choose to plot is a simplified version of the 3P_y atomic
orbital for hydrogen-like atoms.
The first step is to create a data source with two scalar datasets. The
second step is to apply filters and modules, using the
'set_active_attribute' filter to select on which data these apply.
Creating a data source with two scalar datasets is actually slightly
tricky, as it requires some understanding of the layout of the datasets
in TVTK. The reader is referred to :ref:`data-structures-used-by-mayavi`
for more details.
"""
# Author: Gael Varoquaux
# Copyright (c) 2008, Enthought, Inc.
# License: BSD Style.
# Create the data ############################################################
import numpy as np
x, y, z = np.ogrid[- .5:.5:200j, - .5:.5:200j, - .5:.5:200j]
r = np.sqrt(x ** 2 + y ** 2 + z ** 2)
# Generalized Laguerre polynomial (3, 2)
L = - r ** 3 / 6 + 5. / 2 * r ** 2 - 10 * r + 6
# Spherical harmonic (3, 2)
Y = (x + y * 1j) ** 2 * z / r ** 3
Phi = L * Y * np.exp(- r) * r ** 2
# Plot it ####################################################################
from mayavi import mlab
mlab.figure(1, fgcolor=(1, 1, 1), bgcolor=(0, 0, 0))
# We create a scalar field with the module of Phi as the scalar
src = mlab.pipeline.scalar_field(np.abs(Phi))
# And we add the phase of Phi as an additional array
# This is a tricky part: the layout of the new array needs to be the same
# as the existing dataset, and no checks are performed. The shape needs
# to be the same, and so should the data. Failure to do so can result in
# segfaults.
src.image_data.point_data.add_array(np.angle(Phi).T.ravel())
# We need to give a name to our new dataset.
src.image_data.point_data.get_array(1).name = 'angle'
# Make sure that the dataset is up to date with the different arrays:
src.update()
# We select the 'scalar' attribute, ie the norm of Phi
src2 = mlab.pipeline.set_active_attribute(src,
point_scalars='scalar')
# Cut isosurfaces of the norm
contour = mlab.pipeline.contour(src2)
# Now we select the 'angle' attribute, ie the phase of Phi
contour2 = mlab.pipeline.set_active_attribute(contour,
point_scalars='angle')
# And we display the surface. The colormap is the current attribute: the phase.
mlab.pipeline.surface(contour2, colormap='hsv')
mlab.colorbar(title='Phase', orientation='vertical', nb_labels=3)
mlab.show()